Eczema is an inflammation of the skin, which tends to flare up from time to time. The severity can range from mild to severe. There is no cure, but treatment can usually control or ease symptoms. Moisturizers (emollients) and steroid creams or ointments are the standard treatments.
The treatment of atopic dermatitis is mainly focused on primary skincare’s daily practice, aside from the use of topical anti-inflammatory agents, phototherapy, and systemic immunomodulators.
The management of atopic dermatitis’s main objectives includes treatment and prevention of outbreaks and reparation and maintenance of the skin barrier. The course of the disease is different for each patient with atopic dermatitis. Therefore treatments must be individualized, bearing in mind patient factors, such as age or adherence, or disease factors, such as extension, distribution, acute outbreaks, or chronic disease.
For the treatment of atopic dermatitis, there are several measures and different agents that can be administered to consider:
- Emollients for dry skin.
- Topical or systemic anti-inflammatory or immunomodulatory therapy for eczema/inflammation.
- Disinfectants in case of a bacterial infection.
Most people will grow out of eczema, but it can return or develop in some adults. Those with eczema often find that it is an ongoing disease that gets better or worse over time.
There is no cure for atopic dermatitis, but treatments, home remedies, and coping tips can help relieve the symptoms. Some of these may even increase the amount of time that the disease stays in remission.